Overactive Bladder

June 14, 2023

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Overactive bladder (OAB) is a condition in which the muscles of the bladder contract involuntarily, causing a sudden and intense urge to urinate. This can lead to urinary frequency, urgency, and in some cases, incontinence (leaking urine).

The exact cause of OAB is not known, but it may be related to a variety of factors, including nerve damage, muscle weakness or damage, or other medical conditions. Some common risk factors for OAB include age, obesity, neurological conditions, such as multiple sclerosis or Parkinson's disease, and bladder or urinary tract infections.

Treatment for OAB may include lifestyle changes, such as reducing fluid intake before bedtime, avoiding caffeine and alcohol, and bladder retraining exercises. Medications, such as anticholinergics or beta-3 agonists, may also be prescribed to relax the bladder muscle and reduce symptoms. In some cases, more invasive treatments, such as nerve stimulation or surgery, may be recommended.

It is important to talk to a healthcare provider if you are experiencing symptoms of OAB, as it may be a sign of an underlying medical condition that requires treatment. A healthcare provider can help determine the appropriate course of treatment based on your individual symptoms and circumstances.

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