Society Garlic - NutraPedia

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Society Garlic (Tulbaghia violacea) Health Effects

1) Studied Conditions

Society Garlic has been studied for various conditions, including:

  • Hypertension (high blood pressure)
  • Cardiovascular diseases
  • Antimicrobial and antifungal activity
  • Anti-inflammatory effects
  • Antioxidant properties

2) Efficacy in Treating Conditions

While some studies suggest that Society Garlic may have beneficial effects on certain conditions, evidence is not conclusive. Further research is needed to determine its efficacy.

3) Health Benefits

Society Garlic is believed to have several health benefits:

  • May lower blood pressure and improve cardiovascular health
  • Possesses antimicrobial properties that could help fight certain infections
  • Anti-inflammatory effects that may reduce pain and swelling
  • Contains antioxidants that help protect cells from damage

4) Potential Downsides

While generally considered safe, Society Garlic may have some downsides:

  • May cause gastrointestinal discomfort in some individuals
  • Potential interactions with blood-thinning medications
  • Excessive consumption could lead to unwanted side effects similar to those of garlic

5) Effects on Specific Genetic Variations

There is limited research on the effects of Society Garlic on specific genetic variations. Individuals with certain genetic sensitivities may experience different effects, but more studies are necessary to understand these interactions.

Always consult with a healthcare professional before starting any new supplement or herbal remedy, especially if you have known genetic variations or health conditions.

Research Summary: Society Garlic (Tulbaghia violacea)

Structural Identification of Amino Acid

A study identified a specific amino acid, (R(S)R(C))-S-(methylthiomethyl)cysteine-4-oxide, in society garlic's rhizomes. Using NMR, MALDI-HRMS, IR, and CD spectroscopy, its structure was determined. The amino acid varies in concentration across plant parts and is associated with odor production.

Anti-Hypertensive Properties

Research on 20 South African plants revealed that society garlic is among those with ACE inhibitory activity, potentially beneficial for treating high blood pressure. The effectiveness of plant leaves was highlighted, and differences in extraction methods were examined.

Effects on Blood Pressure and Heart Rate

An experiment using methanol leaf extracts of society garlic showed its ability to significantly lower blood pressure and heart rate in hypertensive rats. The study suggests that its mechanism of action could be related to ACE and β(1) adrenoceptors.

ACE Inhibition by Nutritive Plants

A fluorometric enzyme assay on 16 nutritive plants from KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, found that half of them, including society garlic, had significant ACE inhibitory activity without tannin interference, indicating their potential as natural treatments for high blood pressure.

Antidiabetic and Cytotoxic Properties

A study on five medicinal plants, including society garlic, assessed their in vitro antidiabetic properties. Results showed that certain extracts enhanced glucose utilization and had inhibitory effects on cell growth, suggesting potential natural treatments for diabetes.

Sulfur Compounds Isolation and Characterization

A research text focused on isolating and examining sulfur-containing compounds from society garlic, recognizing their potential therapeutic effects or biological roles.

Testosterone Production Effects

Society garlic was found to significantly increase LH-induced testosterone production in testicular cell cultures from mice. This suggests androgenic properties, warranting further exploration.

Antimicrobial Effects of Extract Combinations

Extracts from society garlic and two other South African medicinal bulbs were studied for their antimicrobial effects. The research highlighted synergistic effects in certain combinations against various pathogens, indicating potential treatment options for infectious diseases.


  1. The amino acid precursors and odor formation in society garlic (Tulbaghia violacea Harv.)
  2. Screening of Zulu medicinal plants for angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors
  3. Effect of Tulbaghia violacea on the blood pressure and heart rate in male spontaneously hypertensive Wistar rats
  4. Angiotensin I-converting enzyme inhibitor activity of nutritive plants in KwaZulu-Natal
  5. Antidiabetic and cytotoxicity screening of five medicinal plants used by traditional African health practitioners in the Nelson Mandela Metropole, South Africa
  6. Isolation and Characterisation of Sulphur Compounds from Tulbaghia violacea
  7. The effect of Tulbaghia violacea extracts on testosterone secretion by testicular cell cultures
  8. In vitro antimicrobial synergism within plant extract combinations from three South African medicinal bulbs

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